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Walker Warburg Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Walker Warburg Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • cerebroocular dysgenesis (COD)
  • cerebroocular dysplasia-muscular dystrophy syndrome (COD-MD syndrome)
  • Chemke syndrome congenital muscular dystrophy-
  • dystroglycanopathy type A [with brain and eye anomalies] (MDDGA)
  • hydrocephalus, agyria, and retinal dysplasia (HARD syndrome)
  • Pagon syndrome
  • Warburg syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary
Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by muscle, brain and eye abnormalities, often leading to death in the first weeks of life. However, the specific symptoms and severity of WWS can vary greatly from case to case. The most consistent features are (1) a smooth appearance of the surface of the brain due to lack of normal folding pattern (lissencephaly or agyria), often with malformations of other brain structures including the cerebellum and brain stem, (2) various developmental abnormalities of the eye and (3) progressive degeneration and weakness of the voluntary muscles which is called congenital muscular dystrophy. WWS demonstrates autosomal recessive inheritance, with a recurrence risk of 1 in 4 or 25% for a couple who has previously had a child diagnosed with this genetic condition.

Introduction
WWS is a severe form of the broader spectrum of conditions referred to as CMD (congenital muscular dystrophy), which is a group of disorders characterized by weakness and atrophy of various voluntary muscles of the body. Approximately 30 different disorders make up the muscular dystrophies. These disorders affect different muscles, may or may not have other body systems involved, and have different ages of onset, severity and inheritance patterns. The disorder was first reported in the medical literature in 1942.

Resources

National Hydrocephalus Foundation
12413 Centralia Rd.
Lakewood, CA 90715-1653
USA
Tel: (562)924-6666
Fax: (562)924-6666
Tel: (888)857-3434
Email: nhf@earthlink.net
Internet: http://www.nhfonline.org

Hydrocephalus Association
4340 East West Highway Ste 950
Bethesda, MD 20814
USA
Tel: (301)202-3811
Fax: (301)202-3813
Tel: (888)598-3789
Email: info@hydroassoc.org
Internet: http://www.hydroassoc.org

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Cure CMD (Congenital Muscular Dystrophy)
P.O. Box 701
Olathe, KS 66051
USA
Tel: (866)400-3626
Email: info@curecmd.com
Internet: http://www.curecmd.org

Global FKRP Registry
TREAT-NMD Office
Institute of Genetic Medicine
Newcastle University
International Centre for Life
Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 3BZ
United Kingdom
Tel: 4401912418617
Fax: 4401912418770
Email: coordinator@fkrp-registry.org
Internet: https://www.fkrp-registry.org/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  4/24/2012
Copyright  1993, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2007, 2009, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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