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Arthroplasty for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Surgery Overview

Arthroplasty is surgery done to reconstruct or replace a diseased joint. For rheumatoid arthritis, arthroplasty is done to restore function to a joint or correct a deformity. Bones in a joint can be reshaped. Or all or part of the joint can be replaced with metal, ceramic, or plastic parts.

What To Expect

Recovery following arthroplasty may involve a 2- to 14-day hospital stay. Depending on the joint, rehabilitation may take several weeks to several months.

Why It Is Done

Surgery such as arthroplasty will not cure rheumatoid arthritis, nor will it stop disease activity. But if a joint is badly diseased, surgery may provide pain relief and improve function. Arthroplasty is considered when:

  • Symptoms can no longer be controlled with medicine, joint injections, physical therapy, and exercise.
  • Pain from rheumatoid arthritis can no longer be tolerated.
  • You are not able to do normal daily activities.
  • Narrowing of the joint space or wearing away of the cartilage and bone is causing severe pain or reduced range of motion.

How Well It Works

Arthroplasty can relieve pain and restore enough function in a joint to allow a person to do normal daily activities.footnote 1

Risks

Risks of arthroplasty include the risks of surgery and using anesthetic and the risks of:

  • Infection developing in the artificial joint (requires removal of the artificial joint and treatment of the infection).
  • Development of blood clots (thrombophlebitis).
  • Loosening of the joint.

References

Citations

  1. Firestein GS (2010). Rheumatoid arthritis. In EG Nabel, ed., ACP Medicine, section 15, chap. 2. Hamilton, ON: BC Decker.

Credits

Current as of: November 16, 2020

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Anne C. Poinier MD - Internal Medicine
Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Nancy Ann Shadick MD, MPH - Internal Medicine, Rheumatology